In this blog post, I am going to show you how you can setup Sublime Text editor for a “Competitive coding” friendly environment!
We will see how to do the task of writing to stdin and reading from stdout in a single window of Sublime Text!
Also, you will not have to manually input in the terminal!
1. Install Sublime Text
If you do not have Sublime Text installed in your system, you can download it from here.
2. Create necessary files
Now, we will require 3 basic files:
- A .cpp file (as I am going to use C++ programming language for writing code). In this example, I will name this file as example.cpp
- input.txt (file on which we will write stdin)
- output.txt (file on which C++ program will write stdout)
3. Setting Layout
Now, its time to setup the layout of the Sublme Text window.
- Open all the files we created in last step, i.e example.cpp, input.txt, output.txt.
- Now, in menu bar, select View -> Layout -> Columns: 3 . Alternatively, you can use keyboard shortcut Shift+Alt+3. As a result, window will get partitioned into 3 columns.
- Now, we will try to fix input.txt and output.txt in a single column. For this, select View -> Groups -> Max Columns: 2 . As a result, input.txt and output.txt will get stacked in a single column.
Here is how your Sublime Text Editor window should looks like now:
4. Writing to stdin and reading from stdout
Now, we will have to write C++ code in such a way that it can read stdin from input.txt and write stdout to output.txt .
Here are the lines we need to add to main function of our C++ code:
#ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE // for getting input from input.txt freopen("input.txt", "r", stdin); // for writing output to output.txt freopen("output.txt", "w", stdout); #endif
What will freopen do?
freopen is used to associate a file with stdin or stdout stream in C++.
ONLINE_JUDGE is a preprocessor directive on the online judge of most of the competetive coding sites, where it is defined to be true. So, when you submit the code containing above lines, these lines will simply get skipped due to ifndef condition!
You can find the same code for Python and Java here.
5. Running the code
Now, we are left with the task of running our code.
Once you have written a C++ program and added the lines as stated in Step 4, you need to build your code. You can select any C++ build system for this purpose.
Just write all the input that you want to pass as stdin in input.txt and build/run your code. And you will obtain the output as stdout in output.txt!
Here is a reference video which demonstrates the 5 steps as discussed above.